Blog

At Newcastle Equine Centre, we want our clients to be as educated about horse related issues as possible. On our ‘Horse Care Topic’s’ page, we address different topics of interest to horse owners. The ‘Published Articles’ page has uploads of articles written by out vets that have been published in equine health blogs and magazines.

Feel free to ring the clinic if you have any questions relating to the topics covered on these pages.

Latest News

SEARCHING FOR SURROGATE MARES > 16 HANDS 🐴🤍🌱

At NERRC Luskintyre, we are actively searching for recipients (surrogate mares) that are no smaller than 16 hands for embryo transfer (ET). Recipient mares will be carrying on embryos, birthing and raising the foal until they are weaned. We specifically need large recipient mares to carry embryos from bigger breeds to allow the foal to

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Latest News

New Team Member – Equine Surgery and Sports Medicine

DR. LUCAS NOLAZCO The NEC team has just welcomed Dr. Lucas Nolazco into the clinic! Dr Nolazco has spent the past three years as a professor of equine surgery at Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine. Lucas is passionate about teaching and is committed to the advancement of equine veterinary knowledge through active participation in

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Horse Care Topics

Recent Advances in Semen Extenders

The equine industry, excluding Thoroughbreds, relies heavily on AI to access genetics from different stallions regionally and internationally. Horse selection for breeding is based on pedigree and athletic performance, but not upon reproductive traits or fertility compared to other domestic species. As a result, different breeding strategies have been developed to overcome equine reproductive limitation,

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Horse Care Topics

Laminitis

WHAT IS LAMINITIS Laminitis results from inflammation of the sensitive laminae of the hoof. The laminae of the hoof are tiny interlocking finger-like projections that hold tightly together like a zipper. Their function within the foot is to securely attach the coffin (or pedal) bone to the hoof wall. Inflammation can permanently weaken these laminae

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Foal Care

When should I vaccinate my foal?

A vaccination program is essential for your foal to provide protection for severe and potentially fatal diseases. While vaccinations can be administered at any age, vaccinating your foal too early will not be successful in mounting an immune response because the mare’s antibodies will interfere. It is therefore recommended to start a vaccination protocol from 12 weeks

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Horse Care Topics

Pre-mature Foal

What is a premature foal? A premature foal is a foal that is immature and born before term, generally considered to be if they are born at less than 330 days gestation. However, length of pregnancy varies between mares, so the definition of a premature foal is not based solely on gestational age but also

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Horse Care Topics

NERRC Luskintyre Search for Mares

At NERRC Luskintyre, we are still actively searching for recipients (surrogate mares) for embryo transfer (ET). Recipient mares will be carrying on embryos, birthing and raising the foal until they are weaned. The minimum requirements are:• Under 10 years• Healthy• Ideally at least one foal before but maiden mares can be considered• Well behaved and easy

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Horse Care Topics

Placentitis

WHAT IS IT? Placentitis is an inflammation within the placenta, it is responsible for the majority of late term abortions in broodmares. The most common type is ascending placentitis where bacteria enters the sterile uterus from the lower reproductive tract (e.g. mares with poor vaginal conformation). Viral and fungal infections can also cause placentitis. Early

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Horse Care Topics

Dehydration Colic

At this time of year in Australia the southern states are freezing through the cold winter months while the northern states are in the middle of the dry season. Whether it is due to freezing cold water and dry forage or because it is hot and dry and the moisture in the grass is low,

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Horse Care Topics

Environmental Management and Parasite Control

Environmental management is an important part of parasite control. When a horse sheds eggs in their faeces, they hatch into larvae on the pasture which are then ingested by other horses as they graze. Therefore, regular and thorough removal of faeces from the pasture is a crucial step to reduce infection. Avoid overstocking and overgrazing

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Horse Care Topics

Importance of Faecal Egg Counts!

As we have talked about in our earlier posts, blanket worming and overuse of wormers is both unnecessary and contributes to resistance.  Therefore, we now recommend a targeted program tailored to your horse’s needs. The first step of this is to perform a faecal egg count (FEC). An FEC is an examination under the microscope

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Horse Care Topics

Worm Drug Resistance

What is resistance? Resistance is “the ability of worms in a population to survive treatment with a drug that should be effective against the species and life stage”. This means that the worming product does not kill the worms that it should. Resistance to drugs develops naturally over time in worms but is accelerated and

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Horse Care Topics

Why are worms a burden for horses?

Horses have evolved over thousands of years to live with parasites in their gut which we commonly call “worms.”  So why are we always trying to get rid of them from our horses? In adult horses, small burdens often do not cause any issues. However; as the number of worms gets larger (increased worm burden),

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Reproduction

Embryo Transfer

Embryo transfer (ET) refers to the removal of an early embryo (7-8 days old) from the uterus of a valuable donor mare and the transfer of that embryo into the uterus of a recipient mare to complete development, give birth and raise the foal. ADVANTAGES OF EMBRYO TRANSFER Mares in competition can donate embryos and

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Horse Care Topics

Haemorrhagic / Anovulatory Follicles

Haemorrhagic anovulatory follicle (HAF) means that a follicle (the structure that carries the oocyte or egg within the ovaries) remains in the ovary for a long period of time and gets filled with blood instead of progressing towards ovulation (releasing the oocyte or egg to be fertilized). HAF occurs in about 5-25% of mares during

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Horse Care Topics

10 Summer Health Problems for Horses

Dehydration A consequence of fluid loss, dehydration can affect your horse year-round, but remains more prevalent during Summer when fluid loss from sweating exceeds a horse’s intake through drinking. Dehydration is much more than your horse just being thirsty. Dehydration can result in other health problems, such as impaction colic due to the faeces becoming

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Reproduction

Artificial Insemination in the Mare

    ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION IN THE MARE AT NERRC Semen collection and insemination techniques have been refined to make Artificial Insemination (AI) an excellent reproductive choice providing an advantageous option for many breeders. Some of the advantages of AI are to eliminate transporting a horse for breeding, reduce the risk of sexually transmitted diseases, eliminate

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Horse Care Topics

Treating lameness with a horses own blood!

There are two treatments that we commonly use at NEC to treat lameness and joint injury in horses that take advantage of healing agents in the horse’s own blood. IRAP or Interleukin-1 Receptor Agonist Protein, is used for arthritis and joint injuries and PRP or Platelet Rich Plasma, is used for tendon, ligament and some

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2020 CHRISTMAS GIVEAWAY! (CLOSED)

(CLOSED) IT’S GIVEAWAY TIME! This year, we will be giving away one Mare Artificial Insemination contract for chilled semen at our reproduction centre at Luskintyre! A value of $375 + GST!! The free contract covers all scanning exams pre- and post-insemination, hormonal therapy, semen insemination and evaluation and one uterine lavage and treatment. Terms and

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Horse Care Topics

Semen Freezing and Storage

Preserving your stallion genetics is key and we offer this procedure in our equine reproduction laboratory at Luskintyre. WHAT ARE THE ADVANTAGES?  Increased quality control: The use of frozen semen allows pre-screening for infectious diseases and a thorough evaluation of the semen quality after collection and after thawing. This allows owners to be informed about

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Horse Care Topics

Semen Collection and Evaluation

Available for all breeds, this procedure consists in a brief physical examination and external evaluation of the reproductive tract (testicles, scrotum and penis) followed by semen collection in an artificial vagina and a purpose made collection dummy. The semen sample obtained undergoes a thorough evaluation in our fully equipped lab which includes motility, morphology and

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Horse Care Topics

Gastric Ulcers in the Horse

What are gastric ulcers? Gastric ulcers are breakdowns of the stomach lining and are common in horses and foals. Equine Gastric Ulcer Syndrome (EGUS) is a multifactorial condition and is associated with a variety of clinical signs. The horse’s stomach is divided into two distinct regions, the upper squamous region and the lower glandular region.

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Latest News

New Entrance to NEC Broadmeadow Clinic

THIS ENTRANCE WILL BE IN USE FROM MONDAY, 12TH OF OCTOBER IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS PLEASE RING THE CLINIC ON (02) 49296135. × Dismiss alert Due to developments at the Racecourse, we have had to change our entrance to best suit the needs of our clients, patients, and staff. Instead of entering the eastern

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Horse Care Topics

HENDRA CASE CONFIRMED IN NORTH-EAST NSW

There has been a confirmed case of HENDRA at Murwillumbah in NE NSW. A 17-year-old unvaccinated gelding was noted to be unsteady on his feet and cyanotic (poor breathing leading to low oxygen and blue gums) but NO FEVER. It is important to remember that the signs of Hendra can be variable and range from

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Latest News

COVID-19 and Newcastle Equine Centre

To our valued clients, with the COVD-19 cases decreasing in NSW, we have altered our strict procedure when attending you and your horses. To keep you and our staff safe, we will continue to practice social distancing the best we can and minimise direct contact when we can. This policy can and will change if

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Horse Care Topics

Dummy Foal Nursing After Madigan Squeeze Procedure

By Dr. Lisanne Gallant Neonatal maladjustment syndrome (aka dummy foal syndrome) is a common disorder of foals that have mystified equine veterinarians for decades. Foals affected by this disorder seem detached from the world, often wondering aimlessly with no affinity for their mum. The most problematic symptom of this disorder is these foals’ lack of

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Latest News

Our Sponsor of and Attendance to the Hunter Valley Polo Challenge

Newcastle Equine Centre is a proud sponsor of the Hunter Valley Polo Challenge hosted by Wirragulla Polo Club in Dungog. Over the weekend, Dr Sam Morley attended the amazing event to provide veterinary support and enjoy some fantastic fast play polo. The Grade A final between Wirrgulla and Scone was exciting to watch as the

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Horse Care Topics

Equine Reproduction: Foal Conformation

BY Dr. Paddy Todhunter Specialist Equine Surgeon. What is normal conformation and what are we looking at in assessing conformation? Conformation is essentially how the legs of a horse are put together and the alignment of the legs. It plays an important role in a horse’s soundness and athletic ability. To assess a foals conformation,

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Horse Care Topics

Equine Reproduction: Foal Neonatal Care

BY Dr. Lisanne Gallent Medicine Specialist. It’s that time of year! As exciting as foaling season can be, what do you do when your new arrival gets sick or isn’t thriving as you’d expect? Here at NEC we offer everything in neonatal foal care ranging from healthy foal checks to intensive and critical care under

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Horse Care Topics

Equine Reproduction: Parturition

As we get close to foaling time breeders should refresh their knowledge of a normal foaling and when to call the vet.  The majority of foalings will occur without complication, however approximately 1 in 20 foals will experience some difficulty and it is imperative for both the mare and foal’s survival that assistance is provided

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Horse Care Topics

Equine Reproduction: Prenatal Care

By Dr. Morgan Webber BVSC (Hons) MANZCVS (Equine Medicine)   The sometimes hard task of getting your mare in foal is now accomplished – now what!? It will be very important to monitor your mare closely as she progresses throughout different stages of pregnancy as her needs will change as her pregnancy progresses. It will

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Horse Care Topics

Equine Reproduction: Getting Your Mare In Foal

By. Dr Cecilia Cortina Di Favria,DVM What do I do if I want to breed my mare? Making a good plan is essential for a positive outcome. We can help you with this. First, decide whether your mare needs to go away to the stallion or breeding farm or whether you can keep her at

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Horse Care Topics

Equine Acupuncture

One of our awesome vets, Dr. Cecilia Cortina di Favria is a certified Equine Acupuncturist (IVAS). To give you some additional treatment options for your horse, we will now be offering acupuncture services. So what is Equine acupuncture? Acupuncture involves the stimulation of precise occupants on the body and is part of one of the

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Latest News

Newcastle Equine Rehabilitation and Reproduction Centre at Luskintyre

NERRC Contact Phone Number     –     0417 252 247     –     8am-5pm     –     FOR EMERGENCIES PLEASE CALL NEC – (02)49276135 Previous Next About The Property Newcastle Equine Rehabilitation and Reproduction Centre (NERRC) at Luskintyre is a facility specializing in equine rehabilitation and reproduction in association with

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Horse Care Topics

Foaling Advice

Normal foaling: Stage I Labor:  1-6 hrs (mare heating up) Stage II Labor:  15-30 minutes (from time water breaks to foal on ground) Stage III Labor:  Placenta must be passed within 3 hrs of foaling.  Ensure placenta is intact. After foaling: Foal standing within 1 hr Foal suckling within 2-3 hr (Call vet if foal has

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Horse Care Topics

Newborn Foal Care

It is important to know what is normal in the newborn foal so any problems can be easily identified and promptly treated. After birth, a foal should: Be standing within the first hour and becoming more active and alert over time Have a strong suckle reflex within 30 minutes and once standing should be seeking

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Horse Care Topics

Rattles In Foals

Rattles is a serious lung disease of foals that causes pneumonia and abscess formation in the lungs causing affected foals to develop respiratory signs. Rattles is caused by the bacteria Rhododcoccus equi which can be found within the soil in widespread areas. Foals ingest or inhale the bacteria from the soil, so disease seen commonly

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Horse Care Topics

Cushings Disease

By NEC Veterinary Intern, Dr. Antonella Pannunzio. Equine Cushing’s Disease, also known as Pituitary Pars Intermedia Dysfunction (PPID) is the most common endocrine disorder diagnosed in horses. Cushing’s disease is a progressive disorder caused by a benign tumor affecting a part of the brain known as the pituitary gland. Normally, the pituitary gland releases hormones

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Horse Care Topics

Feeding Older Horses

As horses age, we must increase our awareness of their general well being. Monitoring body condition score is one of the most important things an owner of a geriatric horse can do. Ideally the horse should be in body condition score 3/5, so that you cannot see the ribs, but they are easily felt. Body

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Horse Care Topics

Hendra Virus

The Equivac HeV vaccine is the single most important step in protecting your horse and your family against the deadly Hendra Virus. Newcastle Equine Centre strongly recommends that all horses are vaccinated. The vaccine must be given by a veterinarian, involves 1 initial injection, followed by another injection 3-6 weeks after, then another 6 months

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Horse Care Topics

Guide To Worming Horses

Worms that affect horses are everywhere and all horses are continually being exposed and infected with worms. For this reason, prevention of worm problems in horses is one of the most important aspects of horse husbandry and veterinary medicine. Common worms that affect horses: small strongyles (cyathostomes), large strongyles, roundworms, pinworms, tapeworms and bots. How

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